The purpose of Gayatri mantra is to offer prayers to the sun god, Savitur. The god which has given us everything, which has made life possible on this planet, which grants us light and energy. The sun which always gives and never asks for anything in return, the Gayatri mantra is a way of giving back in the form of prayer and respect to that ever-giving entity. This mantra invokes a sense of inclusiveness; imagine you offering respects to the sun on behalf of all the beings in this world, wouldn’t that make you think much larger than just yourself? The correct mindset that we all need when we begin our day.
Why Gayatri Mantra is so popular?
Gayatri Mantra is from one of the oldest texts ‘Rig Veda’, composed by Sage Vishwamitra. It is a popular belief that Vishwamitra after long practice and penance discovered Gayatri mantra which according to him was not just a boon for himself but for the entire mankind. Upon chanting this mantra, the chanter and the listener both are most benefited with the vibrational positive energy of the mantra. And the fact that many practitioners have found Gayatri mantra so enriching, it has become popular over the centuries.
The Analysis (Dissection) of the Gayatri Mantra:
ॐ (OM): The primeval sound
भूः (Bhur): Earth = Mooladhara; the physical body/physical realm
भुवः (Bhuvah): Akash; the life force/the mental realm
स्वः (Swah): Heaven= Swadhishthana; the soul/spiritual realm
महः (Maha): Heart region.
जनः (Jana): To say ‘no’ for life and death.
तपः (Tapa): Ascetic practices in vishuddhi & Agnya.
सत्यम् (Satyam): Up to the Third Eye ( Brahma-Randhra ).
तत् (Tat): That – situated as it is; That (God)
सवितुर् (Savitur/Savita): Sa + Va + Ta = Sun, Ganges, Fire, Earth etc. including those endowed with knowledge and yoga.
र्वरेण्यं (Vareñyam): Va + Re + N + Ya + M : God Varuna; adore
भर्गो (Bhargo): Bha + Ra + Ga; effulgence (divine light)
देवस्य (Devasya): Da + Va + S + Ya; Supreme Lord
धीमहि (Dhīmahi): Dha + Ma + Ha; meditate
धियो (Dhiyo/Dhiya): Dha + Ya; the intellect
यो नः (Yo Nah): Ya + Na; May this light, Nah: Our
प्रचोदयात् (Prachodayāt): Pa + Ra + Cha + Da + Ya + T; illumine/inspire
How to chant the Gayatri Mantra?
When to chant the Gayatri Mantra?
It is advised to repeat Shanti (peace) thrice at the end of the chanting of the Mantra, which will give peace to three entities – body, mind, and soul. During the three positions of sun namely lower sky in the east (morning), mid sky (noon) and lower sky in the evening (dusk), are the best times to chant Gayatri Mantra.
Therefore, the day is divided into three parts:
- 4 am to 8 am and 4 pm to 8 pm have the Sātvic quality
- 8 am to 4 pm are Rājasic
- 8 pm and 4 am are Tāmasic